About Nagapattinam

The modern Nagapattinam district was carved out of the earlier composite Thanjavur district in 1991. Tamil is the main language spoken in the district. The marine or coastal land has plain lands except for a few sand dunes and tilts from coastline to the inland area. The Vedaranyam salt swamp, south of Nagapattinam town is the largest swamp in Tamilnadu, running 7-8 kms. wide and 48 kms. along the coast from Point Calimere. It is one of the richest regions of biodiversity in the country.

Geographical Location of the District

The Nagapattinam district lies on the east coast to the south of Cuddalore district and another part of the Nagapattinam district lies to the south of Karaikkal and Tiruvarur districts. Its northern boundary is about 75 Km southwards from the Head Quarters of the Cuddalore district. Thanjavur district and Tiruvarur district flank it on the west and on the south and east it is bordered by the Bay of Bengal. This District lies on the shores of the Bay of Bengal between Northern Latitude 10.7906 degrees and 79.8428 Degrees Eastern Longitude. The general geological formation of the district is plain and coastal. The Cauvery and its offshoots are the principal rivers.

The marine land or coastal land has plain lands except for few sand dunes. However there is a general tilt from coastal line to inland area. The most important feature of the district is the Cauvery River spread over with its numerous branches.

Meteorological Information

Temperature: The average maximum temperature for the district (from 1991 to 1996)as a whole is about 32.460 C and the average minimum temperature is 24.750C.

Wind : Dust Storms, whirl winds and dusty winds blow from various quarters towards the end of May. The Southwest winds sets in during April, it is the strongest in June and continues till September. Northeast monsoon starts during the month of October and blow till January. Cyclonic storm with varying wind velocity affects once in 3 or 4 years during the month of November-December. Both these storms affect the plantation crop. During Southwest monsoon the air is calm and undisturbed.

Rainfall : The Northeast monsoon, which starts in October and ends in December, contributes about 60% of the total annual rainfall. The Southwest monsoon rains from June to September and from March to May accounts equally for the rest of the annual rainfall. The monthly average rainfall in the district was 108.87 mm in 1991-96.

Cyclone : Cyclonic storm brings havoc normally once in 3 or 4 years and heavy downpour during Northeast monsoon leads to flooding of the district and damages field crops and wealth of soil.

Nagapattinam district has 11 panchayat unions, 3 muncipalities, 9 town panchayats. On the revenue side, it houses 2 revenue divisions with 4 and 3 taluks respectively in each division. There are 523 revenue villages in the district. In terms of development areas, there are 11 blocks Vedaranyam, Talainayar, Keelaiyur, Keelvelur, Nagapattinam, Thirumarugal, Sembanarkoil, Kuttalam, Mayiladuthurai, Sirkazhi and Kollidam.

 

District at a glance

#   Revenue Divisions

Two

#   Taluks

Seven

#   Municipalities

Four

#   Panchayat Unions

Eleven

#   Town Panchayats

Nine

#   Panchayats

Four Hundred and Thirty Four

#   Habitations

Two Thousand Five Hundred and Eight

#   Coastline

One Hundred and Eighty Seven Kilometer

 

 Population

 

Total Households

Total Population

Male

Female

Sex

Ratio

Area

Population Density

Rural

271827

1158557

576010

582547

1011

225.03

520.69

Urban

71786

330282

163064

167218

1025

191.97

1720.49

Total

343613

1488839

739064

749765

1014

2417.00

615.99

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